THE MEKONG DELTA
The Mekong Delta is center of Vietnam’s rice, fish, fruits and vegetables production. With about 40 thousand square kilometers and 20 million people, it is so-called ‘rice-bowl’ of Vietnam. Despite its centrality to the Vietnamese economy, the delta is particularly vulnerable to increasing climate changes pressures and regional development impacts. Challenges such as rising sea levels and hydropower development causing erosion, flooding, drought, and land subsidence and poverty and migration.
Resolution 120/NQ-CP and the integrated master plan for the Mekong Delta to respond to climate change by 2050 divides the delta into three major ecological zones: permanent saline area, salt-fresh water transition zone, and freshwater zone. In each ecological zone, it is necessary to transform sustainable agricultural systems and adapt to climate change